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Graham Zimmerman leading the ice crux of The Indirect American, North Face of Mount MacDonald, Canada
Photo by Chris Wright, Graham Zimmerman
Chris Wright leading the mixed crux of The Indirect American, North Face of Mount MacDonald, Canada
Photo by Chris Wright, Graham Zimmerman
Winter conditions on North Face of MacDonald, Selkirk Mountains, Canada
Photo by Chris Wright, Graham Zimmerman
The Indirect American North Face of Mount MacDonald, Selkirk Mountains, Canada (Chris Wright, Graham Zimmerman)
Photo by Chris Wright, Graham Zimmerman

Chris Wright and Graham Zimmerman add The Indirect American to Mt MacDonald, Canada


Chris Wright (USA/UK) and Graham Zimmerman (USA/NZ) have made the first ascent of a long, difficult mixed route on the North Face of Mount MacDonald in the Selkirk Mountains in British Columbia, Canada. 1000 meters long, the Indirect American was climbed from 11 - 13 November 2018 and deals with difficulties up to WI4+ M7.

Tackling a conspicuous, iced corner system, the route was a longtime project of Wright’s, who had eyed it repeatedly over years of skiing in the area. While the pass and neighbouring Revelstoke are well-known to skiers the world over, the area has historically attracted relatively few climbers, far less than the more famous peaks of the nearby Bugaboos or Rockies. Despite being home to a number of high-quality summer routes on excellent alpine quartzite - including the Northwest Ridge of Mt Sir Donald, one of Steck and Roper’s Fifty Classic Climbs - the area’s typically bottomless winter snowpack is generally better-suited to sliding down than swimming up.

In addition to the issue of snow, the area presents a complex set of factors that must align for winter climbing to be feasible. Aside from the problem of conditions on the face itself, since MacDonald lies directly above the Trans-Canada Highway just past Roger’s Pass, it is closed to overnight use and multi-day climbing for most of the winter due to avalanche control. During some seasons though, a short window of time exists when suitable winter conditions can be found before the closure comes into effect. Additionally, for the route to be a reasonable option, the approach and descent need to be free of avalanche hazard and the weather needs to be clear, a rarity for the Columbias in late fall and early winter.

Wright and Zimmerman both live in Bend, OR and had productive fall seasons including Wright making the first ascent of his long term project Burning Churches (5.12b, 300’) at Smith Rock State Park and Zimmerman making the first "wintery" ascent of the North Face of Mount Wilbur (M5, 3,000’) in Glacier National Park with Justin Willis. Despite fantastic rock climbing conditions at home, when the two saw an usual window of high pressure appearing in the weather models for Roger’s Pass a few days before the closure came into effect, they dropped everything and drove to Revelstoke.

After a day of packing and scouting, Wright and Zimmerman launched early on the 11th of November planning to spend one night on the face. The first day of climbing started with a dark walk along the Trans-Canadian Highway, an icy creek crossing, and a steep approach to the base of the wall involving bushwhacking, snow wallowing, slide alder, 5th-class cedar limb scrambling, and devil’s club. Once above the trees, the climbers moved unroped up the couloir below the start of the face’s difficulties. Roping up, they started mixed climbing on snow-covered, compact quartzite and climbed through the afternoon. The lower face was generally devoid of ice forcing the team left to terrain near the 1963 Beckey Route. As the short day came to an end they dug a bivy on an excellent snow ledge directly beneath the obvious line of ice that defined the middle of the route.

At sunrise on 12th they started into the climbing block containing the ice crux of the route, 90 meters of excellent WI4+ climbing on a funky vein of thin ice. Above this, the ice deteriorated significantly and the climbing shifted to challenging mixed climbing. Wright made two excellent leads on pitches of M6+ and M7 including a rather terrifying, poorly protected traverse across a water-groove feature bereft of both ice and protection. Above this was the major question mark on the route, a blank section through which the team hoped they would be able to either mixed climb or aid to reach another obvious flow of ice higher up. Unfortunately this section turned out to be prohibitively steep and lacking in climbable cracks, and led only to more delaminated patches of ice plastered to steep, blank rock. Instead they traversed hard left on a snow ledge and as darkness fell climbed into the the next rock band, once again near the 1963 route. Reaching the next snow ledge the team decided to spend another night out and set up their tent.

Once again starting at sunrise on the 13th, they traversed back into the primary weakness climbing four more high quality mixed pitches that led them to the east ridge about 50 meters from the summit. The weather, forecasted to deteriorate that evening, remained perfect as they topped out at noon. They downclimbed and rappelled the Southwest Ridge to the top of the Banana/Herdman Couloir which they rappelled into and walked down. This placed them at the top of the Crossover Slidepath, which they descended, reaching the road at 5pm. This descent was very efficient but traveled through extremely threatened avalanche terrain and would not have been reasonable without very low avalanche hazard.

In the end, the route took the team 62 hours car to car with 2 bivis and cruxes of WI4+ and M7. Overall the climbing was generally sustained between M4-5 and was excellent. It is important to note that in the right conditions (better and more continuous ice and more consolidated snow) this route would be significantly easier, but given legal and conditions-based constraints, opportunities to climb the route in better conditions will be rare.

The name ​The Indirect American comes from the fact that neither Wright or Zimmerman were actually born in the States, nor are they particularly proud of the current state of American politics. Additionally, the line has some significant deviations from what would be the "direct" line; an invitation to future parties to correct.

The climbers wish to thank the staff of Parks Canada and Glacier National Park, specifically Percy Woods in Visitor Safety at Mount Revelstoke and Glacier National Parks for assistance in finding the team the best legal way to send this route and providing extensive conditions reports over a number of years. Additionally thanks to the team sponsor’s Outdoor Research, CiloGear, Exped USA, Petzl, Picky Bars, Scarpa, Julbo, Trail Butter and, CW-X.

Info: nowclimbing.com, grahamzimmerman.com


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